As soon as the warm weather arrives, many of us opt for flip flops. These shoes, although very practical when one is on vacation, are not yet without danger for our health.
At the beginning of the school year, after two months of summer holidays, chiropodists note an upsurge of certain pathologies, notably related to the prolonged wearing of this type of shoes. Explanations.
We do not walk properly with flip flops
One thing is certain, when walking with flip-flops, we do not walk normally, since without foot support, it causes the clenching of the toes.
Indeed, in a classic shoe where the foot is maintained, we attack with the heel, we unwind the arch and then the front of the foot: in this case, the unwinding is natural and causes little effort. On the other hand, if there is no support at the back of the foot, and therefore no stability, the toes are clenched by reflex end of propulsion, not to lose the tong. This is a common phenomenon with this type of shoe, which is called "gripping".
Gripping will cause fatigue of certain muscles of the foot, but also of the ankle and the leg, which do not have to be solicited while walking.
Risks ... of tendonitis
Tendinitis in the ankle is due to the instability of the arch that crashes and causes a foot subsidence. Their frequency increases at the end of the summer, after wearing flip-flops for a long time. These tendonitis often occur when the soles of thongs are very thin and the back of the foot is not maintained.
At the beginning of the school year, plantar aponeurosis, which is tendinitis of the arch of the foot, caused by excessive crushing of the sole of the foot is often observed.
Risks ... of sprains
When you leave the normal use of flip flops (casual), we take the risk of sprains, including ankles. People who walk all day with flip-flops on their feet, greatly increase the risk of sprained by sliding of the foot on the flip-flop (examples: pavers, sidewalks ...).
Risks ... worsening of pathologies in children
The prolonged use of flip-flops is particularly bad for growing children, and even more so for children with podiatry problems: "walking in", or vice versa. In this case, it is imperative to ban the prolonged wearing of flip flops, which will amplify this phenomenon.
Risks ... of cracks and crevices
It is often wrongly thought that the cracked heels in the summer are due to a lack of hydration in the area. However, dead skin in the back of the heel may be due to repeated slam, caused during the unwinding of the foot in a flip-flop. Walking with shoes that do not hold the foot, causes a shock microphone, which will harden the skin and in some cases cause cracks and crevices.
Risks ... of chronic pain
Feet, knees, hips, lumbar, cervical ... No part of the body is spared when you walk flat without being maintained. It is always the unfolding of the foot that is not done correctly that is in question. Many muscles are solicited, and there is an imbalance of the body. Soft soles worsen this phenomenon of instability. The body compensates for this instability, which causes chronic pain in places that one could not at first glance not suspect: lower back pain, neck pain ...
Risks ... of fungal infections
The many bacteria found on flip flops are related to the fact that these summer shoes are not cleaned enough, or never washed.
Naked feet on the sand, on the grass, we catch a lot of bacteria. Once flip-flops are put on, they become bacteria nests.
Thus, chiropodists and dermatologists often observe at the end of the summer season, fungi and fungal infections in the spaces between the toes. These small fungi cause itching, the skin cracks ... In cause, the aggression of the skin caused by perspiration, repeated friction and bacteria recovered on the ground.
- At home, prefer walking barefoot, rather than flip flops. Walking barefoot will help stimulate sleeping plantar sensors during the rest of the year when you wear "comfortable" shoes.
- Wear flip flops, reasonably, occasionally. Do not walk all day with this type of shoe and ban hiking-type outings with flip-flops.
- Favor sandals with straps on the back of the foot, straps on the kick, and ideally, shoes with a heel reinforcement.
- Do not wear totally flat shoes: choose a model with at least 1cm of unevenness, and up to 3 cm.
- Ensure the source of the materials used, some materials can cause allergies to the skin, in sensitive people. Favor noble and good quality materials.
- Avoid walking on slack: do not wear shoes with soft soles, which create additional instability when walking.
- Pay attention to the hygiene of your shoes in the summer: clean your flip flops at least once a week with soap, water and a sponge, and let dry before wearing them again.
For any questions or in case of doubt about a plantar pathology, do not hesitate to consult a podiatrist.
Thanks to Marc Lepécuchel, chiropodist, pedicurist, in the Pays de la Loire region.