Definitely, the Mediterranean diet is popular! Anti-cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, Alzheimer's, gastro-oesophageal reflux ... We no longer count the benefits attributed to it. Rich in vitamins C and E, this diet - also called Cretan diet or sun diet - consists mainly of fruits and vegetables, unrefined whole grains, legumes and olive oil. It allows fish, and even wine in limited quantities. On the other hand, it almost completely excludes meat consumption.
If we already knew its positive effect on the health of our bones, a new British study * specifies that this diet would be particularly effective against osteoporosis of the neck of the femur. According to researchers at the University of East Anglia (United Kingdom), following a Mediterranean-type diet can reduce hip bone loss in people with osteoporosis, in just twelve months.
A particularly sensitive area
To reach this conclusion, the scientists gathered 1142 volunteers aged 65 to 79, who divided them into two distinct groups: the first followed a Mediterranean diet, the other did not. Their bone density was measured at the beginning of the experiment and then twelve months later. As a result, while the diet did not have a particular impact on healthy individuals, it did increase bone density in the femoral neck of participants with osteoporosis. " This is a particularly sensitive area, as the loss of bone density in the femoral neck is often the cause of hip fractures, a common phenomenon in older people with osteoporosis says Susan Fairweather-Tait, lead author of the study, in a statement.
This skeletal disease is characterized by a decrease in the mass of the bone and a deterioration of the internal structure of the bone tissue. Mostly linked to aging, osteoporosis is the cause of nearly 400 000 fractures each year in France, according to Inserm. More than 39% of women aged 65 are concerned ... So ladies, this summer, we put Crete on our plates!
* study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.