Your heart is suddenly pounding? This may impress but no panic, there are several ways to find the right tempo.
These fast heartbeats suddenly become noticeable. The heart rate can go up to 180 or even 220 beats per minute, while at rest, it has a rhythm of 60 to 80 beats per minute. This is called tachycardia. These disorders, not necessarily serious, can be caused by an abnormality of the electrical circuit, an excessive consumption of alcohol, anguish, a hyperthyroidism ... or the natural aging of the heart, in the case of the atrial fibrillation, frequent after 60 years. However, if the palpitations precede a loss of consciousness or an oppressive pain in the chest, it is an emergency! Call quickly 15 or 112.
What's this ? Respiratory control exercises to be performed when the heartbeat is accelerating due to acute or chronic stress. Relaxation by breathing slows the heart rate and thus relaxes the pressure.
Why does it work? In case of tension, the hypothalamus, seat of emotions, sends a nerve signal to the adrenal glands which then secrete adrenaline. This hormone induces an acceleration of the heart rate, palpitations but also an increase in blood pressure. Breathing more slowly helps regain control of the nervous system and regulate the heartbeat. Gradually, it synchronizes with the breath. The palpitations disappear and give way to wide and regular pulsations.
How's it going ? You count in your head for five seconds by inhaling deeply through your nose and swelling your stomach, then slowly blowing through your mouth while curbing the air for five more seconds. Six breaths / exits are then made per minute for five minutes. Start as soon as you feel that the heart is racing, or routine, three to four times five minutes a day, as a treatment for chronic stress. Smartphone applications (RespiRelax, CardioZen, etc.) can help you find the right rhythm.
What's this ? This technique consists in destroying the heart center at the origin of the irregular palpitations by applying, for a few minutes an electric current by radiofrequency. This intervention is proposed when antiarrhythmic therapy (beta-blockers) is not effective enough.
Why does it work? Atrial fibrillation (or atrial fibrillation) comes from a malfunction of the electrical system in the atria of the heart. They beat quickly and anarchically, which makes heart contractions ineffective and creates palpitations. Thanks to radiofrequencies, one burns the zone of the heart where the electric circulation flanks. From then on, the heart resumes a normal and regular rhythm.
How's it going ? The surgeon introduces a catheter at the crease of the groin into the femoral vein, which goes up to the atria, to record the electrical activity of the heart and locate very precisely the place to be treated. Another catheter delivers a radiofrequency current that heats up and causes a small burn of the heart tissue responsible for the disorder of rhythm. The procedure, performed under local or general anesthesia, lasts from two to four hours, depending on the case. It is also necessary to plan an average of four days of hospitalization.